「日豪パッケージ」は軍縮に乏しい内容 — 「唯一の役割」を採用せず Japan-Australia Joint Package content limited in disarmament– not adopting the “Sole-Purpose” policy



On March 23rd, the Japanese and Australian government released a policy paper, “A New Package of Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation” (Japan-Australia Joint Package), for the upcoming Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).

Although this package of 16 proposals reaffirms the ” unequivocal undertaking” for nuclear abolition from the NPT Review Conference in 2000, the actual statements on nuclear disarmament are extremely limited. Above all, even though this package is based on the recommendations by the ICNND released last December, it greatly retrogresses from them. In particular, there is no mention of one of the most important of the ICNND recommendations, “to limit the role of nuclear weapons to the “sole-purpose” of deterrence of nuclear attacks”. The “Sole-Purpose” policy is equivalent to the “No-First-Use” of nuclear weapons, gaining international attention as a significant step in decreasing the role of nuclear weapons.





Since the ICNND report’s release last December, Foreign Minister Okada has stated that he finds (1) The “Sole-Purpose” policy and (2) Prohibiting the use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear weapon states (“Negative Security Assurances”) “worthy of attention”, and that he will “deepen discussions” with involving countries”. This stance has been continually expressed through Okada’s letter to Secretary of State Clinton in December, his foreign policy speech at the Diet in January, and the Japan-Australia Joint Statement in February. Prime Minister Hatoyama had also stated at the Diet that he would “make the utmost effort” (on February 4th at the Upper House Audit Committee). On February 19th, over 200 Diet members submitted a letter to President Obama encouraging the “Sole-Purpose” policy.

Even in such context, the Japan-Australia Joint Package, though mentioning “Negative Security Assurances”, withdrew stating the “Sole-Purpose”.

The adoption of the “Sole-Purpose” policy in the upcoming US Nuclear Posture Review(NPR) has been greatly in dispute. It can be said that the government of Japan and Australia could have urged the US, with its new strategy, to greatly limit its role of nuclear weapons but instead chose not to do so. According to Kyodo News, Foreign Minister Okada explained that they had aimed for a “realistic” statement for the NPT Review Conference.

There must be examinations on whether it was a result of “consideration” for the US, resistance from the Japanese bureaucrats who had strictly opposed to No-First-Use, or opposition from Australia.

As a whole, the Japan-Australia Joint Package focuses more on discouraging countries such as Iran that are suspected of possessing nuclear weapons and promoting nuclear energy than pressing for disarmament of nuclear weapons states.

03-3363-7561(ピースボート)  090-8310-5370(携帯)

この問題を報じた豪紙The Ageの記事(英文)
Report slip hits nuclear hopes March 25, 2010

*Please contact below for details.

Akira Kawasaki (Peace Boat Executive Committee Member/ ICNND NGO Adviser) 03-3363-7561 (Peace Boat)  090-8310-5370 (Cell)

*Related links
Click here to view the Japan-Australia Joint Package
Click here for the Foreign Ministry’s web page on the release of the Package.
An article from The Age (Australian) on this issue:
Report slip hits nuclear hopes March 25, 2010



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